Osteoarthritis of the spine is known as spondylosis. The symptoms may differ from mild and episodic to aggressive and painfully chronic. Spondylosis ultimately affects the mobility of the vertebra, including the the neck (facet joints in the cervical), mid back (thoracic), and/or low back spine (lumbar). While many individuals believe surgery is the only option for cases of spondylosis, depending on the symptoms and severity, there are many effective non-surgical treatment options for spondylosis.
Diagnosis of Spondylosis
The doctor will normally begin by asking you regarding symptoms and also taking history medically. This will be accompanied by the body’s a physical exam, with a focus on the back, shoulders and neck. The doctor is as well likely to test reflexes as well as the strength of arms and hands, check for sensation loss, and watch you walk.
Some other tests which might be done are imaging exams like X-rays, (CT) computed tomography, and also (MRI) magnetic resonance imaging. Magnetic resonance imaging scans use radio waves, large magnets, and a computer to create the best images of your body. You may be referred to a neurologist also.
Non-surgical Spondylosis Treatments
There are a number of different Non-surgical Spondylosis Treatments that can be quite effective in treating this particular spinal condition. Some of the most common include:
Acupuncture: Acupuncture is a well-known treatment used to alleviate neck pain and back. Tiny needles, close to human hair size, are inserted into particular points on the body. Every needle might be electrically stimulated, twirled, or warmed to improve the treatment’s effect.
Bed Rest: A severe cases of spondylosis might need bed rest for 1-3 days. Long-term bed rest should be avoided as it will put patient at a danger of deep vein thrombosis (clotting of blood in the legs).
Chiropractic: Usually, chiropractors believe that having a healthy nervous system is really synonymous with having a body that’s healthy. The misalignment of a specific vertebra can distress your nervous system and result in a disorder causing neck and back pain. Chiropractors don’t use surgery or prescribe drugs.
Muscle Relaxants: This medication helps to reduce pain and muscle spasm.
Narcotics: This may be prescribed for a short time to decrease acute pain.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy mixes passive treatments along with therapeutic workout. Passive treatment modalities are ultrasound, heat/ice, electrical stimulation to lessen pain and muscle spasm. Therapeutic exercises will teach the patient on how to increase flexibility as well as range of motion as you build strength.
When Is Surgery Required for Spondylosis?
Some patients with spondylosis need surgery but very few of them. When spondylosis surgery is necessary, rarely will it be an emergency type. Non-operative therapy will first be attempted first and foremost. The physician of spondylosis spine specialists may even determine that mixing two or even more therapies can benefit the patient to resolve quickly their symptoms. In most situations, non-surgical treatments will work.
However, some patients may suffer from neurologic deficit; like incontinence, weakness, or even develop spinal instability. Normally, the cause of severe symptoms always determines the type of spondylosis surgery that will be required. For example, the surgery may be needed to remove bone spurs surgically or disc tissue that’s compressing spinal nerves or even causing compression of spinal cord. Based on the level of the spondylosis surgery, spinal fusion in order to stabilize the spine might be required.
Patients having chronic back pain are usually urged to seek a spine specialist’s advice. The first important step to relieve neck and back pain is to obtain the right diagnosis. Back pain can be due to many problems which include spinal stenosis, spondylolisthesis, fibromyalgia, osteoporosis, bone tumors, and compression fractures.